Muladhara or Root Chakra: Muladhara is located near the coccygeal plexus beneath the sacrum. Because of its location and connection with its act of excretion, it is associated with the anus. It is important to note that Muladhara is the base from which the three psychic channels or Nadis emerge i.e., the Ida, Pingala, and Sushumna . It is symbolized by lotus with four petals. Its color is red.
Muladhara is considered the foundation of the “energy body”. Yogic systems stress the importance of stabilizing this chakra. Kundalini awakening begins here. It is also known as the seat of the “red bindu,” or subtle drop, which rises up to the “white bindu” in the head to unite the feminine and masculine energies, the Shakti and Shiva.
It is associated with the element of earth, the sense of smell and the action of excretion.
By meditating thus on Her who shines within the Muladhara Chakra, with the luster of ten million Suns, a man becomes Lord of speech and King among men, and an Adept in all kinds of learning. He becomes ever free from all diseases, and his inmost Spirit becomes full of great gladness.
Svadhisthana or Sacral Chakra: Svadhishthana is illustrated as a white lotus. It has six vermilion-colored petals inscribed with syllables: ban, bhaṃ, maṃ, yaṃ, raṃ and laṃ. Inside this lotus is a white crescent moon which represents the water region presided over by the deity.
Svadhishthana is located above the Muladhara or root support or root chakra which is located in the coccyx (tailbone), TWO FINGER-WIDTHS above the Muladhara chakra. Its corresponding point in the front of the body is barely below the belly button. It is connected with the sense of taste, the tongue and with reproduction, the genitals. It is associated with the testes and ovaries. They produce the hormones testosterone or estrogen, which influence sexual behaviors.
Manipura : Located above the navel or slightly below the solar plexus. Manipura is associated with fire and the power of transformation. It is said to govern digestion and metabolism.
In the endocrine system, Manipura is said to be associated with the pancreas and the outer adrenal glands (adrenal cortex). These glands create important hormones involved in digestion, converting food into energy for the body, in the same way that Manipura radiates Prana throughout the body.
Anahata or Heart Chakra: In Sanskrit Anahata means unhurt, unbeaten, and unstruck. Anahata Nad refers to the Vedic Concept of Unstruck Sound, (the sound of the celestial realm). Anahata is associated with balance, calmness, and serenity.
The heart chakra is located in the central channel of the spine near the heart.
In the endocrine system Anahata is said to be associated with thymus.
Vishuddha or Throat Chakra: Vishuddha chakra is known as the purification center, where the nectar Amrita drips down from the Bindu chakra and is split into a pure form and a poison. In its most abstract form, it is associated with higher discrimination and is associated with creativity and self-expression. It is believed that when Vishuddha is closed, a person undergoes decay and death. When it is open, negative experiences are transforms into wisdom and learning. The success and failure in one’s life are said to depend upon the state of this chakra, whether it is polluted or clean. The feeling of being guilty is given as the most prominent reason for this chakra to block the Kundalini Energy moving upwards.
Meditation upon this chakra is said to bring about various Siddhis or occult powers: vision of the three periods, past, present and future; freedom from disease and old age; destruction of dangers; and the ability to move the three worlds.
Vishuddha is often associated with the thyroid gland in the human endocrine system.
Ajna or third-eye Chakra: Is the 6th Primary Chakra in the body. Ajna Chakra’s superficial location is between the two eyebrows at the bridge of the nose. It is important to note that the pineal gland deep inside the brain is also associated with Ajna Chakra as both are considered a third eye.
Ajna translates as “command” or “perceive” and is considered the eye of intuition and intellect. Its associated sense organ is the brain.
Sasahrara or Crown Chakra: The Sahasrara is described as a lotus flower with 1,000 petals of different colors. These petals are arranged in 20 layers, each layer with approximately 50 petals. The pericarp is golden and within it a circular moon region is inscribed with a luminous triangle, which can be either upward or downward-pointing.
Often referred to as a thousand-petaled lotus, it is said to be the most subtle chakra in the system, relating to pure consciousness, and it is from this chakra that all the other chakras emanate. When a Yogi is able to raise his/her Kundalini, energy of consciousness, up to this point, the state of “Nirvikalpa Samadhi” is experienced.
This stage is said to bring about rebirth or the siddhis, occult powers of transforming into the divine, and being able to do whatever one wishes.